Once you are familiar with the board and several of its concepts, it is necessary to take into account some basic movements making up this beautiful sport, surf, and we will show them to you so that you get familiar with their names. Some of these movements are:

Take off: It is usually the first manoeuvre learnt and it refers to the moment when you row lying on the board and move to the upright position, to begin to slide on the waves.

Bottom Turn: It is usually the second movement to learn, after the Take Off. Once you take the impulse when going down the wave, turning round is necessary to run away from the breaking wave. On the lower part of the wave, the wave strength stops propelling, so driving with the descent inertia is necessary to be able to go up again. Otherwise, we would fall on the shore and we would not be able to go over the wave wall.

Cut Back: Once we are able to slide on the wave wall, running away from the breaker, we must turn 180 degrees, come close to the wave and keep surfing.

Re-entry: It is basically climbing to the wave crest and suddenly turn 180 degrees, getting down on it again.

Floater: It is sailing on the foam of a breaking wave during a couple of seconds.

Tube: It is one of the most difficult maneuvers and it is the dream of any surfer. It is sliding on the inside of the tube created by the wave before breaking. Finding this kind of waves as well as learning the movement is very hard; however, once achieved, it is usually the one giving more satisfaction.


Air jump: It carries a great water takeoff and it is done on the air, as a sort of juggle. It is very difficult. We can highlight the 360 degree air jump, where the surfer turns 360 degrees on the air to resume its regular position afterwards.

360: It begins as a Reentry, but at the end a whole turn is made.

Snap: It is a Cut Back, but more sudden.

Hang Five: It is walking on the board till one of the feet is on the front part of the board. It is a specific maneuver for longboard.

Hang Ten: It consists on putting both feet on the longboard rail. It requires great skill and knowledge of the wave speed, since you need to compensate and balance to avoid falling off.

Drop Knee: It is the Longboard typical turn. It is like a Cut Back, but with the rear leg bent till the knee touches the longboard.

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